Keeping It Healthy – How To Make Your Own Organic Feeds

Raising your own animals, whether for your own consumption or for commercial purposes, is a great way to spend your leisure time and great deal to accumulate some money from your grown animals as well. However, taking care of these animals is not that easy as you think. In order to produce good quality meat and other animal products, you need to consider a lot of things.

Organic feeding is one of the most effective ways for you to be sure that your farm animals will be of good health and will also produce good quality of products. This type of food is a bit expensive, but you can be sure of the products that it will give you in the future. For those who cannot afford to buy this type of feeds in a regular basis, then you can make your own. One of the benefits of making your own feeds for your animals is that you can be sure that it is pure and all natural.

For your chicken, you can give them a homemade organic feeds which are composed of corn, whole white wheat, hulled barley, goat oats, sunflower seeds, peanuts and many other grains. Mix them all together and give your chicken this feed every day. Do not forget to let your chicken drink water every day.

For your cows, you should graze them in an organic pasture where they can eat fresh organic grass. You can make the grasses organic by giving it homemade fertilizers made from animal manure and other bio- degradable products. You can also give organic supplements to ensure your cows health.

Do not forget to give your animal some food supplements which are natural as well, feed them in a daily basis and give them clean water every day. Ask your veterinarian regarding the best feeds you can give to your animals. You can also ask him if making your own feeds will be beneficial for your farm animals’ health.

Whatever animals you would like to have in your farm, it is always best to give them the best feeds. But if you cannot afford to buy organic feeds because it is over your budget, you can still give your animals that best organic feeds by making your own feeds. It is very affordable and the ingredients are available in the market. Give the best to your animals and they will also reciprocate it by giving you the best and nutritious meat, eggs and milk that you have never tasted.

Feeding Beef Cattle – Why Cows Eat What They Eat

One of the most popular questions I believe that every person wanting to start out in raising cattle or even know anything about cows and cattle will ask is, “What do they eat??” The answer to this question is not simple as you might think: What they eat doesn’t just begin and end with grass or hay or grain or a combination of all three! But let’s not settle on the “what.” What about the “why?” Why do cattle eat or have to eat grass and/or hay? What is so special about grass and hay that it must be the absolute or most common answer to the what-do-they-eat question?

The answer begins and ends with the cow’s digestive system. Cows are genetically, intrinsically and physiologically designed as herbivorous creatures because of the way their digestive system is structured. This means that cows are ruminants, or animals that have their stomach divided into four chambers, the largest being the rumen. Other chambers are the Reticulum, the Omasum, and the Abomasum. The rumen is capable of holding up to 50 gallons of digesta (that’s solids, liquids and even gases), and having a large healthy population of millions of microflora to help break down the forages that a cow eats. Ruminants also chew cud, which is partly digested plant matter regurgitated up from the rumen and reticulum. Cows don’t chew the feed or grass they eat when they clamp down on it–they bite then swallow, often without chewing much. When they rest, they burp or regurgitate it back up to break it down further.

The clincher to the ability of a cow to survive–let alone thrive–on roughage like grass and legumes is the bacteria or microflora that live inside the cow’s rumen. There are mainly two types of bacteria that exist in the rumen: fibre microbes and starch microbes. The fibre microbes are the most important to a bovine’s digestive system because of their ability to break down and digest fibre in a cow’s diet, regardless what she eats, which is their primary function. Starch microbes are more for when a bovine is consuming grain like corn which contain a lot of starch, and their main function is to break down the starch in the grains, more so than the roughage fibre that comes with such “hot” rations. Unless an animal is on a finishing diet, most cattle will have a larger population of fibre microbes in their rumen due to their high forage diets.

Thriving on an anaerobic environment, they have a life-span of 15 minutes and thus have a huge turn-over rate. The dead microbes supply the cow much of her protein needs in addition to the protein from the plant sources that by-pass the rumen. End products of this digestive process (including the synthesization of protein and B vitamins) include volatile fatty acids (VFAs), which provide an energy source for the cow. Yet he microbes themselves cannot fully function and live on plant fibre alone. Their nutritional requirements are very similar to the nutrition requirements of the animal they live in. They also need water, energy, protein, minerals and vitamins from the plants and supplements that the cow receives on a daily basis in order to function and keep producing subsequent generations of microbes.

There is a reason why a cow will literally starve to death on a diet too high in fibre and too low in protein. A cow’s stomach only has so much room to hold digesta in, so the more poor feedstuffs she eats the fuller her stomach will be and the less she’ll eat. All that feed she’s eating will just stay in her stomach for a long period of time or until she gets an adequate- to high-protein supplement. When that happens, then the poor quality feed will go through her system much faster and she’ll be able to eat more of that poor feed more often. All because those teeny-tiny living organisms just need a boost of protein to help digest all that roughage!

Thus a cow’s ability to be “feed efficient” is dependent on the microbes in her rumen. The higher the microbial population in her rumen, the more forage can be utilized and digested efficiently. The higher the protein content in the forage or supplied by supplements, the more the cow will eat and the higher the microbial population. The higher the microbial population, the more protein and VFAs the cow will receive. Put that all together and she’ll gain weight!

A cow’s ability to eat what she eats also has a lot to do with her mouth. Like all ruminant animals, cows lack upper front incisors, though they do have upper molars for grinding and chewing. Her lower front incisors are flat and curved out so that she can grasp grass easier. She has a powerful tongue that is used to wrap around a sward of grass, pull it in her mouth and tear it from its stems. She chews very briefly, then swallows. When she’s resting, she’ll regurgitate it back up and rechew it over again. A cow will produce 200 litres of saliva per day–this is so that she can more easily swallow and digest the forage she eats, and provides an ideal environment for the rumen microbes.

Cows can eat what they eat–being grass and hay, among other fodder–because of their four-chambered stomachs, the structure of their teeth and mouths, and most importantly, the microbes that live in their rumen. Rumen microbes are the most important because they are responsible for breaking down fibre in the plant material that the cow eats. Without them, she would never be able to eat as coarse a plant as grass without some level of detrimental affect to her body and her life.

What Type of Cattle Feed Should You Supply to the Customers?

Right type of cattle feed help the farmers to achieve the best results for the reasons they raise these animals. Apart from pasture grazing and livestock-crop grazing, the livestock farmers are highly relying on the industrially produced cattle feeding ingredients. This helps them fulfill the overall dietary needs of their animals.

If you are abutting to start this business, you must know what the farmers expect from the feed you supply to them. This will help you to purchase feeds from the cattle feed suppliers. So, here are some factors that help you decide the types of cattle feeds that you must offer to the livestock farmers.

Reason for Cattle Rearing
Many farmers rear them for dairy farming. And there are others who rear them for beef. As obvious, the cattle feed for different purposes should be different. While choosing their diet feed from the suppliers, you must consider the main reason for which the cattle are reared in your area. This should help you provide right food to the livestock farmers.

Age
Another important factor that farmers consider while choosing their food is their age. It must be understood that cattle at different stages of life require different types of dietary ingredients. So, you must offer different types of animal food to provide right type of nutrition to cattle of different age groups.

Types
There are many different types of cattle feeds available with the suppliers. Here are some of the most popular ones.
• Forages or roughages. You must offer the forage that is prepared form right type of plants and that have right moisture content. Hay is one of the popular forages available. Alfalfa is another popular feed in the category of forages.
• Concentrates with high percentage of easy to digest carbohydrates are other important things you must offer to your customers. Corn, barley, oats, wheat and oilseed meals are the most popular concentrates that make a part of the quality food.
• Supplements are given as feed to cattle if the forages available are low in nutrients. Protein rich supplements and those with bran feeds are among the most popular supplements available for feeding cattle.

By offering all these types of feeds, you can actually entertain the needs of different livestock farmers.

Special Considerations
Pregnant cattle and those who have just given birth to a calf need special types of cattle feeds. So, you must take into consideration the cattle feed that entertains the needs of cattle in such situations.

Besides, you must consider the government regulations implemented in your region while providing different types of cattle feeds. This is to ensure that you follow the health requirements of the cattle. You must also consider the reputation of the cattle feed suppliers while choosing the feeds you need to sell further. It is good to search for the cattle feed manufacturers and suppliers in online business directories and global b2b marketplaces.